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Prague T3 Trams


bill937ca

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bill937ca

Tomytec has recently announced a line of Tatra T3 tram cars In Prague and Leipzig colors and I thought I would give you some background.

 

Prague, Czech Republic based Tatra produced 13,991 T3 trams between 1960 and 1991. These trams were common in Eastern Europe countries in various configurations. As Tatra purchased a PCC license in 1947, T3s are built to PCC specifications.

 

The Tomytec illustrations show tram 7250 which was built in 1987 for DPP Prague.  In 1994 it was converted to demand door operating system wherein  passengers control the doors from inside and outside the tram. This tram remained in service in Prague until 12/16/2015.   

 

In September 2016, 7250 was sold (?) to Kyiv Ukraine and began operation in Kyiv during October 2016. I assume it was sold, but sometimes the European Union intervenes and trams are donated to Eastern Europe countries. My source lists as still being active, but who knows?  EDIT: seznam-autobusu.cz lists the Prague T3SUCS trams as being a Gift

 

https://seznam-autobusu.cz/vuz/59431

 

7250 is a subvariant of the T3 called T3SUCS.  This stands for T3, SU for Soviet Union and CS  for Czechoslovakia.  Domestic production of the T3 was stopped in Czechoslovakia in 1976.  The Soviet Union version of the T3 had been built since 1963 and was delivered to 34 different Soviet cities.  The T3SU was the largest single production tram in history with 11,368 trams built.  

 

These trams were built with closed operator cabs (absolutely no regular contract with passengers) and 1 + 1 single seating to maximize overall capacity. There is a single route number indicator over the windshield.

 

As I said elsewhere T3s continue to run in Prague.  As of December 31, 2019 there were:

347 modernized T3R.P trams

41   un-modernized T3, TUSU, T3M, T3M2DVC 

 

There is an English language article on various Prague trams here:  http://www.globestudios.co.uk/prague/

 

Here is a movie I made in September 2019 of mainly modernized T3s in Prague. The biggest difference is the full-width electronic destination sign.

 

There is also a lubricating T3 "convertible" tram in Prague, #5572. Six days a week it makes its rounds on the Prague tram system from dawn until late at night. At the back of the cab there is a web cam. It was a social media sensation in its early days.

 

 

Here is a sample of the web cam on 5572.

 

 

Edited by bill937ca
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brill27mcb

Bill, thanks for posting this. Where did you see the Tomytec announcement?  - Rich K.

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brill27mcb

Ha! Never mind, the answer was in the next forum topic that I read.  - Rich K.

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railsquid
4 hours ago, bill937ca said:

Tomytec has recently announced a line of Tatra T3 tram cars In Prague and Leipzig colors and I thought I would give you some background.

 

Prague, Czech Republic based Tatra produced 13,991 T3 trams between 1960 and 1991. These trams were common in Eastern Europe countries in various configurations. As Tatra purchased a PCC license in 1947, T3s are built to PCC specifications.

 

 

For anyone else wondering: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PCC_streetcar

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bill937ca
Posted (edited)
54 minutes ago, railsquid said:

 

For anyone else wondering: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PCC_streetcar

I don't think that Wikipedia article is accurate. More like a hatchet job. Even after TRC dissolved, foreign royalties were still collected. Duwag's were not PCCs as they used hand controls.  Cairo's 134 PCCs were from Los Angeles, not Toronto. Toronto's air electric PCCs were sold to Alexandria, Egypt. The TTC total was 745 PCCs, with 205 used. It misses the mine in Chile with 22 PCCs from Los Angeles. It  misses Madrid's 210 PCCs built under license by Fiat and a local builder.  Milan also had 3 licensed PCCs  Rome received 20 PCCs in 1956. And I see no sign of Brooklyn and Queens Transit 1000, the only PCC built by Clark Equipment Company.

 

All this is covered in PCC From Coast to Coast  by Fred Schneider and  Stephen P. Carlson, and An American Original, The PCC Car. by Seynour Kashin and Harre Demoro.

 

A history of Tatra's PCCs called CKD Tatra--Builder of 8500 PCC Cars was published in ERA's Headlights for April-June 1975 along with a photo article PCC Cars of Western Europe.

Edited by bill937ca
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railsquid

OK, but I had no idea what "PCC" meant at all, so it's a start...

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bill937ca
Posted (edited)

True, and that was not directed at anyone here.

 

The article is probably OK for the basics of North American PCCs. There are a lot traction fans over here that think if it's not North America it can't be a PCC.

 

This is why writing streetcar / tram / trolley articles gives me a headache. Too many details.

 

Generally for trams or trains I only rely on Wikipedia build dates and fleet series size numbers.

Edited by bill937ca
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disturbman
4 hours ago, railsquid said:

OK, but I had no idea what "PCC" meant at all, so it's a start...


it means “Parti Communiste Chinois”

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onetruescale

I am pretty excited about the Tomytec Tatra T3 & T4 Trams from Prague & Leipzig! I have a lot of East German DR and some Czech CSD mainline trains. These will really enhance my long planned “generic European city” layout with DR & CSD trains.

 

bill937ca gave some specifics about the Prague T3. Some info on the Leipzig T4 can be found from Wiki. The T4 was a narrower version of the T3 (2200mm vs. 2500mm). Comparing photos of T3 & T4, the tapered end sections are much less pronounced on the T4. Looking at the taper on the Tomytec injection mold sample photo, I think they molded a T3, probably to fit over their standard TM-TR01 power unit.

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tatra_T4

 

Tomytec (Hobby Search translation) has some important claims:

 

--1/150 scale N gauge size Painted and assembled open package (Unfortunately ~7% larger than European 1/160 N scale like their GT6 trams)
* Due to the structure of the car body, it does not support super mini curve rails. (R103 no, but R140 and above ok)
* Since the mold is shared, there are some differences from the actual vehicle. (Apparently both T3 & T4 are T3 width. Only prototypical differences I see in Tomytec drawings is coupler types and rear windshield wiper).

 

Both Prague and Leipzig are available as double either with one TM-TR01 power unit installed, or single without power.


 

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18 hours ago, disturbman said:

it means “Parti Communiste Chinois”

 

 

+1 social credit!

 

 

22 hours ago, bill937ca said:

There are a lot traction fans over here that think if it's not North America it can't be a PCC.

 

Somewhat guilty as charged I guess? Though as a clarification I am a fan of North American traction, not a North American traction fan if that clears things up 😉.

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sleepyrider

Bit of a Tatra fan so I've ordered these on a whim - got an idea for a small layout but, having noted above that they're 1/150 scale I wonder how they'll match with other trams, especially the Kato My Tram?

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bill937ca
5 hours ago, sleepyrider said:

Bit of a Tatra fan so I've ordered these on a whim - got an idea for a small layout but, having noted above that they're 1/150 scale I wonder how they'll match with other trams, especially the Kato My Tram?

Kato My Tram is also 1/150.

 

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sleepyrider

Thanks! The My Trams are easy to pick up here in the UK so I can get started whilst waiting for the Tatras to arrive later in the year.

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sleepyrider

Wow, that's high compared to the others. At the moment my controller is an 00 one so no problems, but I do have my eye on the Kato 22-018 because of its realistic looking controls. Hopefully as a 12v it'll be up to the job.

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bill937ca

On Sunday, the Prague DPP held a 60th Anniversary parade for the T3.  Interestingly, the original Tomytec release date would have corresponded with the anniversary date. Nine T3s starting with 6102 the oldest T3 in the world and the second production T3 and including 8 other historic and current T3s made up the parade. Video by train.cz.

 

 

 

Edited by bill937ca
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